UGC NET Syllabus for International and Area Studies

International and Area Studies UGC NET New Syllabus

The University Grants Commission (UGC) NET Bureau revised its syllabus for UGC NET in International and Area Studies in June, 2019 and the same syllabus will be applicable for the upcoming UGC NET / JRF and SET or SLET examination. The detailed syllabus for paper-1 can be found at UGC NET Syllabus for Paper-1. The details of syllabus of Paper-2 can be downloaded in the pdf format from the following link:

International and Area Studies UGC NET Syllabus for Paper-2 (New and Updated)

International and Area Studies UGC NET Old Syllabus

The UGC NET examination old syllabus which was applicable till December, 2018 can be downloaded in the pdf format from the following link. Kindly note that this syllabus is considered as outdated and now not applicable for the upcoming UGC NET examination in International and Area Studies. You can use it only for your reference purpose.

International and Area Studies UGC NET Syllabus for Paper-2 (Old or Previous)

The detailed UGC NET old syllabus in International and Area Studies is given below.

UGC NET Syllabus in International and Area Studies

NTA UGC NET/JRF/SET/SLET Syllabus for International and Area Studies, Politics including International Relations/International Studies including Defence/Strategic Studies, West Asian Studies, South East Asian Studies, African Studies, South Asian Studies, Soviet Studies, American Studies, Code No: 90 is given below

UGC NET Paper-2 Syllabus

The following part of the UGC NET syllabus were previously under UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 (Part-A) syllabus in International and Area Studies, however, as UGC has now only two papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which is general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 on the specific subject (including all electives, without options) instead of previous three papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which was general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 on the specific subject, so, now-a-days, the following part is also considered as part of the UGC NET Paper-2 syllabus.

(Core Group)

Unit – I

Nature of International Politics.

Theories and approaches to the study of International Politics ( including the area studies approach ).

Nationalism, Nation-State and challenges to Nation – States.

Unit – II

Contemporary World Order : End of Cold War, United States as a pre-eminent power and multipolarity ( European Union, China and Japan ).

Globalisation and its implications.

Environment and Ecological Problems.

Human Rights

Unit – III

International Economic Issues: Trade regime ( WTO ) and economic groupings, Role of International Financial Institutions.

Role of Multi – national Corporations.

Unit – IV

Trans-national Threats and Security: International Terrorism, Drug – trafficking, Proliferation of small arms.

Weapons of mass – destruction – nuclear, biological, chemical and weather weapons and arms control and disarmament.

Unit – V

Indian Foreign Policy:

Basic Objectives and Principles.

India and its neighbours.

India and major powers.

Major issues of Indian Foreign Policy.

Unit – VI

United Nations:

Collective security, peace – keeping and peace-making.

Role of International Law.

UN agencies and other International Organizations.

Restructuring of the United Nations.

Unit – VII

South Asia in World Affairs South – East Asia in World Affairs.

Unit – VIII

Russia and the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) in World Affairs.

Unit – IX

West Asia in World Affairs Africa in World Affairs.

Unit – X

America and Europe in World Affairs Latin America in World Affairs.

UGC NET Paper-2 Syllabus Continues

The following part of the UGC NET syllabus were previously under UGC NET Paper-3 (Part-B) syllabus in International and Area Studies, however, as UGC has now only two papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which is general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 on the specific subject (including all electives, without options) instead of previous three papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which was general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 on the specific subject, so, now-a-days, the following part is also considered as part of the UGC NET Paper-2 syllabus.

(Elective / Optional)

Elective – I

Theories of International Politics: Realist, Idealist, Systems and Decision making.

Role of Power in International Politics: Balance of Power, Bipolarity, Unipolarity and Multipolarity.

The concept of Nation, National Interest and National Security Collective Security; The role of the United Nations.

Post – Cold War and the emerging World Order.

Politics of Liberalisation, Globalisation and World Trade Organization. Nuclear Weapons, Deterrence and World Peace.

Elective – II

Concept, components and models of National and International security.

Challenges and threats to India’s security since Independence – external and internal dimensions.

Defence mechanism of Nation-States: India, US and the Peoples Republic of China.

India’s Security policies and Nuclear doctrine.

Problems of Armament and Disarmament – Economic, Political and Scientific dimensions.

Concept and theories of conflict and conflict resolution including Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).

Evolution of strategic thoughts – Kautilya, Clausewitz, A. T. Mahan, Mackinder and Douhet.

New modes of warfare – Low Intensity conflict, Electronic and Cyber warfare.

Elective – III


Historical Background-Empires

Geo-political set-up

Interaction with the West

National Awakening

Disintegration of Ottoman Empire

Palestine problem

Inter – war Developments


Pan – Arabism

Pan – Islamism

Pan – Turanism





West Asia and the World:

Major powers’ interests in West

Cold War

Oil Dynamics

West Asia and India

General Themes:

Regional Organizations

Intra – Arab relations / rivalries

Post – Cold War Scenario – Continuity and Change

Social transformation


Islamic Resurgence

State Systems

Elective – IV

Basic Features of the Region:

Land and People – Geo – political and Socio – economic Setting.

Colonialism and Nationalism :

Patterns, Major Feature’s and Impact of Western Colonialism-Independence Movements-Maintenance of Independence by Thailand throughout its History.

Developments in Post-Independent Period:

Problems of Communalism and Nation-Building – Communist Challenges.

Role of Military – Challenges to Democracy – Secessionist Movements – Economic Transformation – mtra – Regional Conflicts and Cooperation.

Foreign Policies of South East Asian Countries :

Determinants, Objectives and Goals-Role of External Powers – USA, Russia, China, Japan and India.

Elective – V

Geo – cultural Aspects:

Land, People, Ecology, Environment, Languages and Culture.

Historical Aspects:

Ancient African Empires

Indigenous political systems

Atlantic slave trade – its impact and implications.

Industrial Revolution and the elimination of slave trade.

Colonialism in Africa:

European partition of Africa

Asian (Indian) migration into Africa

Patterns of Colonial rule in Africa

Legacy of Colonialism

Growth of nationalism and Liberation Movements in Africa.

Political Aspects:

Political independence and Constitutional changes in Africa.

Growth of political parties and party – systems.

The role of military

Democratisation process in Africa.

Rise and fall of Apartheid in South Africa.

Concepts of Pan – Africanism and African socialism.

Economic Aspects:

Nature of African Economy.

Underdevelopment and Dependency patterns in Africa.

Neo – colonial penetration and problems of economic independence.

Development strategies in post – independence period.

Structural adjustment programs in Africa – an evaluation.

Problem of poverty in Africa.

Africa’s debt crisis.

Globalisation and its impact on Africa.

Regional  economic  cooperation  and  development  (ECOWAS, SADC,  COMESA, EAC and AEC).

Social Aspects:

Problems of nation – building in Africa.

Role of education

State of Human Rights in Africa.

Role of civil society and women.

Problem of AIDS in Africa.

Ethnic conflicts in Africa.

Social change and structural transformation.

Africa and the World:

Africa and the emerging International System

Africa and European dominance

Africa and the Cold War

Post – Cold War scenario in Africa

Africa and the New World Order

Africa and the United Nations

Inter-regional Cooperation

Role of the Organization of African Unity ( OAU )

Africa and the Non – aligned Movement ( NAM )

The Role and Relevance of the African Union ( AU ) 2001

Africa and the Arab World

India – Africa Relations

Elective – VI

Soviet Period From Lenin to Stalin:

Civil War in Russia and its impact on polity and economy War, Communism and New Economic policy.

Nationality Policy after the Revolution and the formation of the USSR.

Industrialization debate and Economic Development under the Five-Year Plans.

Soviet Foreign Policy

Constitutional Theories and Soviet Federalism.

Soviet Union Under Khrushchev and Brezhnev:

Twentieth Congress of the CPSU and Destalinization.

New Approaches to Third World and the Non-aligned Movement.

Brezhnev and Kosygin leadership in World Affairs.

Constitution of 1977

Mikhail Gorbachev Period:

Gorbachev’s New Political Thinking-Political and economic reforms.

Foreign Policy under Gorbachev and end of the Cold War.

Break-up of the USSR.

Post-Soviet Russia and CIS:

Russia under Boris Yeltsin – Political and economic dimensions.

Systemic transformation of Russia and the CIS.

New Orientation in Russia’s Foreign Policy.

Russia and the CIS

Indo-Russian Relations

Developments in Central Asia and the Transcaucasia.

Elective – VII

Land and People:

Geo – political setting

Multi – culture social structures – diversities of race, language and religion Resource endowment – natural and human resources.

Colonialism and Nationalism:

Patterns of Colonialism

Major features of Colonialism

Nature of colonial impact on South Asian societies.

Nationalism and Nationalist movements.

Communal and Separatist Movements – genesis of Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Society and Culture of South Asia:

Population – General attributes and migration patterns.

Major Social institutions and Groups.

Dynamics of Social change.

Political Systems of South Asian States:

Organization of Government Order and Underlying principles.

Post-independence Era – constitutional developments and movements for democracy – Elections, Political parties and Pressure groups.

Problems of nation-building and Issues of national integration-Communal – ism, Regionalism, Linguism, Ethnic cleavages, Ideology and Strategies of leadership.

Economic Profile and Development Strategies:

Traditional economics – nature and bases.

Pattern of economic development and growth strategies.

Trade, aid and

Problems of economic development.

Foreign Policies of South Asian States:

Determinants and objectives.

Role of external powers.

Intra – regional cooperation and conflict – India’s relations with its neighbours.

Regional Cooperation in South Asia:

Historical antecedents – Political and economic imperatives.

Genesis and growth of South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ).

Challenges and prospects of regional cooperation in South Asia.

Elective – VIII

Making of the Constitution – Development of the Republic and making of the nation.

Constitutional Amendments-Structural changes, political and social movements.

Presidency, congress and judiciary in recent times.

US Role in UN and other international organizations.

United States Economic and Global role in post-Cold War Era.

Problems of minorities; Afro – American, Hispanic and Asian Americans Diasporic experience.

Contemporary American Society and polity.


Development of Constitutional process in Latin America – Translation from authoritarianism of democracy.

US-Latin American relations and its implications in inter-American affairs. Cultural, economic and trade relations between Europe and Latin America. Problems of Human Rights in Latin America.

The role of multilateral agencies in containing international and narcot terrorism; Legal mechanism to preserve peace and security in the region.

Role of Latin America and the Caribbean in global and regional organizations

Trade and Economic grouping in Latin America.

India and Latin America – growing partnership.

International and Area Studies: Area studies are interdisciplinary fields of research and scholarship pertaining to particular geographical, national/federal, or cultural regions. The term exists primarily as a general description for what are, in the practice of scholarship, many heterogeneous fields of research, encompassing both the social sciences and the humanities. Typical area studies programs involve history, political science, sociology, cultural studies, languages, geography, literature, and related disciplines. In contrast to cultural studies, area studies often include diaspora and emigration from the area.

Solved Question Papers of UGC NET in International and Area Studies

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About UGC NET in International and Area Studies

The UGC NET in International and Area Studies syllabus, question pattern, old examination questions papers along with answer keys (solved questions) can be found at UGC NET in International and Area Studies .