UGC NET Syllabus for Sociology, Code No: 05
Sociology: Sociology is the scientific study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social actions, social structure and functions. A goal for many sociologists is to conduct research which may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.
Question Pattern: There will be two question papers - UGC NET Examination in Sociology, Paper II and Paper III. Paper II will have 100 marks in total whereas Paper III will have 150 marks in total. Paper II will cover fifty (50) objective type questions, whereas the Paper III will have seventy five (75) objective type questions, each question carrying two (2) marks. All questions are compulsory in both the papers. The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true / false and assertion-reasoning type.
A: Sociological Concepts
1. Nature of Sociology
2. Basic Concepts
Norms and Values.
3. Social Structure
Status and role, their interrelationship.
Multiple roles, Role set. Status set, Status sequence.
4. Social Group Meaning
Types: Primary – Secondary, Formal – Informal, Ingroup – Outgroup, Referencegroup.
5. Social Institutions
Socialization, Resocialization, Anticipatory socialization, Adult socialization
Agencies of socialization
Theories of socialization.
7. Social Stratification
Social differentiation, Hierarchy and Inequality
Forms of stratification : Caste, Class, Gender, Ethnic
Theories of social stratification
8. Social Change
Concepts and Types: Evolution, Diffusion, Progress, Revolution, Transformation, Change in structure and Change of structure
Theories : Dialectical and Cyclical.
B: Sociological Theory
Levi – Strauss
Social action: Max Weber, Pareto
Symbolic Interactionism: G. H. Mead, Blumer
13. Meaning and Nature of Social Research
Nature of social phenomena
The scientific method
The problems in the study of social phenomena: Objectivity and subjectivity, fact and value.
14. Quantitative Methods
Research Design and its types
Techniques of data collection: Observation, Questionnaire, Schedule, Interview.
15. Qualitative Methods
16. Statistics in Social Research
Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, Median, Mode
Measures of dispersion
Test of significance
Reliability and Validity
Unit – I: Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology
Alfred Shultz, Peter Berger and Luckmann
Garfinkel and Goffman
Unit – II: Neo – functionalism and Neo – Marxism
Unit – III: Structuration and Post – Modernism
Unit – IV: Conceptualising Indian Societywww.netugc.com
Peoples of India: Groups and Communities.
Unity in diversity.
Cultural diversity: Regional, linguistic, religious and tribal.
Unit – V: Theoretical Perspectives
Indological / Textual Perspective: G. S. Ghurye, Louis Dumont.
Structural – Functional Perspective: M. M.N. Srinivas, S. C. Dube.
Marxian Perspective: D. P. Mukherjee, A. R. Desai.
Civilisational Perspective: N. K. Bose, Surajit Sinha.
Subaltern Perspective: B. R. Ambedkar, David Hardiman.
Unit – VI: Contemporary Issues : Socio – cultural
Inequality of caste and gender
Regional, ethnic and religious disharmonies.
Family disharmony: (a) Domestic violence (b) Dowry (c) Divorce (d) Intergenerational conflict.
Unit – VII: Contemporary Issues: Developmental
Ecological degradation and environmental pollution
Unit – VIII: Issues Pertaining to Deviance
Deviance and its forms
Crime and delinquency
White collar crime and corruption,
Changing profile of crime and criminals
Unit – IX: Current Debates
Tradition and Modernity in India.
Problems of Nation Building: Secularism, Pluralism and Nation building.
Unit – X: The Challenges of Globalisation
Indianisation of Sociology
Privatisation of Education
Science and Technology Policy of India
(Elective / Optional)
Elective – I: Rural Sociology
Approaches to the study of Rural Society:
Rural – Urban differences
Land ownership and its types.
Agrarian relations and Mode of production debate.
Jajmani system and Jajmani relations.
Agrarian class structure.
Panchayati Raj System:
Panchayat before and after 73rd Amendment.
Rural Leadership and Factionalism.
Empowerment of people.
Social Issues and Strategies for Rural Development:
Bonded and Migrant labourers.
Pauperization and Depeasantisation.
Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements.
Rural Development and Change:
Trends of changes in rural society.
Processes of change : Migration – Rural to Urban and Rural to Rural Mobility : Social / Economic.
Factors of change.
Elective – II: Industry and Society
Industrial Society in the Classical Sociological Tradition:
Division of labour
Industry and Society:
Factory as a social system
Formal and informal organization
Impact of social structure on industry
Impact of industry on society
Changing profile of labour.
Changing labour – management relations.
Conciliation, adjudication, arbitration.
Worker’s participation in management ( Joint Management Councils ).
Industrialisation and Social Change in India:
Impact of industrialization on family, education and stratification.
Class and class conflict in industrial society.
Obstacles to and limitations of industrialization.
Human relations in industry
Elective – III: Sociology of Development
Conceptual Perspectives on Development:www.netugc.com
Sustainable development: Ecological and Social
Theories of Underdevelopment:
Liberal: Max Weber, Gunnar Myrdal.
Dependency: Centre – periphery (Frank), Uneven development (Samir Amin), World – system (Wallerstein).
Paths of Development:
Social Structure and Development:
Social structure as a facilitator / inhibitor.
Development and socio – economic disparities.
Gender and development.
Culture and Development:
Culture as an aid / impediment.
Development and displacement of tradition.
Development and upsurge of ethnic movements.
Elective – IV: Population and Society
Theories of Population Growth:
Population Growth and Distribution in India:
Growth of Indian population since 1901.
Determinants of population.
Concepts of Fertility, Mortality, Morbidity and Migration:
Age and Sex composition and its consequences.
Determinants of fertility.
Determinants of mortality, infant, child and maternal mortality
Determinants and consequences of migration.
Population and Development:
Population as a constraint on and a resource for development.
Socio – cultural factors affecting population growth.
Population policy: Problems and perspectives
Measures taken for population control
Elective – V: Gender and Society
Gender as a Social Construct:
Models of Gendered socialisation.
Cultural symbolism and general roles.
Social Structure and Gender Inequality:
Patriarchy and Matriarchy.
Division of Labour – Production and reproduction.
Theories of Gender Relations:
Post – modernist
Gender and Development:
Effect of development policies on gender relations.
Perspectives on gender and development – Welfarist, developmentalist
Women and Development in India:
Indicators of women’s status: Demographic, social, economic and cultural.
Special schemes and strategies for women’s development.
Voluntary sector and women’s development.
Globalisation and women’s development
Eco – feminism.