UGC NET Syllabus for Sociology

UGC NET Syllabus for Sociology, Code No: 05

Sociology: Sociology is the scientific study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social actions, social structure and functions. A goal for many sociologists is to conduct research which may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.

Question Pattern: There will be two question papers - UGC NET Examination in Sociology, Paper II and Paper III. Paper II will have 100 marks in total whereas Paper III will have 150 marks in total. Paper II will cover fifty (50) objective type questions, whereas the Paper III will have seventy five (75) objective type questions, each question carrying two (2) marks. All questions are compulsory in both the papers. The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true / false and assertion-reasoning type.

Paper II Syllabus

A: Sociological Concepts

1. Nature of Sociology


Sociological Perspective

2. Basic Concepts





Norms and Values.

3. Social Structure

Status and role, their interrelationship.

Multiple roles, Role set. Status set, Status sequence.

Role conflict.

4. Social Group Meaning

Types: Primary – Secondary, Formal – Informal, Ingroup – Outgroup, Referencegroup.

5. Social Institutions







6. Socialization

Socialization, Resocialization, Anticipatory socialization, Adult socialization

Agencies of socialization

Theories of socialization.

7. Social Stratification

Social differentiation, Hierarchy and Inequality

Forms of stratification : Caste, Class, Gender, Ethnic

Theories of social stratification

Social mobility.

8. Social Change

Concepts and Types: Evolution, Diffusion, Progress, Revolution, Transformation, Change in structure and Change of structure

Theories : Dialectical and Cyclical.


B: Sociological Theory

9. Structural


Radclifife Brown

Levi – Strauss

10. Functional





11. Interactionist

Social action: Max Weber, Pareto

Symbolic Interactionism: G. H. Mead, Blumer

12. Conflict

Karl Marx





C: Methodology

13. Meaning and Nature of Social Research

Nature of social phenomena

The scientific method

The problems in the study of social phenomena: Objectivity and subjectivity, fact and value.

14. Quantitative Methods


Research Design and its types



Techniques of data collection: Observation, Questionnaire, Schedule, Interview.

15. Qualitative Methods

Participant observation

Case study

Content analysis

Oral history

Life history

16. Statistics in Social Research

Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, Median, Mode

Measures of dispersion

Correlational analysis

Test of significance

Reliability and Validity

Paper III (Part A) Syllabus

(Core Group)

Unit – I: Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology

Alfred Shultz, Peter Berger and Luckmann

Garfinkel and Goffman

Unit – II: Neo – functionalism and Neo – Marxism

J. Alexander

Habermass, Althusser

Unit – III: Structuration and Post – Modernism




Unit – IV: Conceptualising Indian

Peoples of India: Groups and Communities.

Unity in diversity.

Cultural diversity: Regional, linguistic, religious and tribal.

Unit – V: Theoretical Perspectives

Indological / Textual Perspective: G. S. Ghurye, Louis Dumont.

Structural – Functional Perspective: M. M.N. Srinivas, S. C. Dube.

Marxian Perspective: D. P. Mukherjee, A. R. Desai.

Civilisational Perspective: N. K. Bose, Surajit Sinha.

Subaltern Perspective: B. R. Ambedkar, David Hardiman.

Unit – VI: Contemporary Issues : Socio – cultural


Inequality of caste and gender

Regional, ethnic and religious disharmonies.

Family disharmony: (a) Domestic violence (b) Dowry (c) Divorce (d) Intergenerational conflict.

Unit – VII: Contemporary Issues: Developmental


Regional disparity



Ecological degradation and environmental pollution

Health problems

Unit – VIII: Issues Pertaining to Deviance

Deviance and its forms

Crime and delinquency

White collar crime and corruption,

Changing profile of crime and criminals

Drug addiction


Unit – IX: Current Debates

Tradition and Modernity in India.

Problems of Nation Building: Secularism, Pluralism and Nation building.

Unit – X: The Challenges of Globalisation

Indianisation of Sociology

Privatisation of Education

Science and Technology Policy of India


Paper III (Part B) Syllabus

(Elective / Optional)

Elective – I: Rural Sociology

Approaches to the study of Rural Society:

Rural – Urban differences


Peasant studies

Agrarian Institutions:

Land ownership and its types.

Agrarian relations and Mode of production debate.

Jajmani system and Jajmani relations.

Agrarian class structure.

Panchayati Raj System:

Panchayat before and after 73rd Amendment.

Rural Leadership and Factionalism.

Empowerment of people.

Social Issues and Strategies for Rural Development:

Bonded and Migrant labourers.

Pauperization and Depeasantisation.

Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements.

Rural Development and Change:

Trends of changes in rural society.

Processes of change : Migration – Rural to Urban and Rural to Rural Mobility : Social / Economic.

Factors of change.

Elective – II: Industry and Society

Industrial Society in the Classical Sociological Tradition:

Division of labour



Production relations

Surplus value


Industry and Society:

Factory as a social system

Formal and informal organization

Impact of social structure on industry

Impact of industry on society

Industrial Relations:

Changing profile of labour.

Changing labour – management relations.

Conciliation, adjudication, arbitration.

Collective bargaining.

Trade unions.

Worker’s participation in management ( Joint Management Councils ).

Quality circles.

Industrialisation and Social Change in India:

Impact of industrialization on family, education and stratification.

Class and class conflict in industrial society.

Obstacles to and limitations of industrialization.

Industrial Planning:

Industrial Policy

Labour legislation

Human relations in industry

Elective – III: Sociology of Development

Conceptual Perspectives on

Economic growth

Human development

Social development

Sustainable development: Ecological and Social

Theories of Underdevelopment:

Liberal: Max Weber, Gunnar Myrdal.

Dependency: Centre – periphery (Frank), Uneven development (Samir Amin), World – system (Wallerstein).

Paths of Development:

Modernisation, Globalisation




Social Structure and Development:

Social structure as a facilitator / inhibitor.

Development and socio – economic disparities.

Gender and development.

Culture and Development:

Culture as an aid / impediment.

Development and displacement of tradition.

Development and upsurge of ethnic movements.

Elective – IV: Population and Society

Theories of Population Growth:


Demographic transition.

Population Growth and Distribution in India:

Growth of Indian population since 1901.

Determinants of population.

Concepts of Fertility, Mortality, Morbidity and Migration:

Age and Sex composition and its consequences.

Determinants of fertility.

Determinants of mortality, infant, child and maternal mortality

Morbidity rates.

Determinants and consequences of migration.

Population and Development:

Population as a constraint on and a resource for development.

Socio – cultural factors affecting population growth.

Population Control:

Population policy: Problems and perspectives

Population education

Measures taken for population control

Elective – V: Gender and Society

Gender as a Social Construct:

Models of Gendered socialisation.

Cultural symbolism and general roles.

Social Structure and Gender Inequality:

Patriarchy and Matriarchy.

Division of Labour – Production and reproduction.

Theories of Gender Relations:




Post – modernist

Gender and Development:

Effect of development policies on gender relations.

Perspectives on gender and development – Welfarist, developmentalist


Women and Development in India:

Indicators of women’s status: Demographic, social, economic and cultural.

Special schemes and strategies for women’s development.

Voluntary sector and women’s development.

Globalisation and women’s development

Eco – feminism.