UGC NET Syllabus for International and Area Studies, Politics including International Relations/International Studies including Defence/Strategic Studies, West Asian Studies, South East Asian Studies, African Studies, South Asian Studies, Soviet Studies, American Studies, Code No: 90
International and Area Studies: Area studies are interdisciplinary fields of research and scholarship pertaining to particular geographical, national/federal, or cultural regions. The term exists primarily as a general description for what are, in the practice of scholarship, many heterogeneous fields of research, encompassing both the social sciences and the humanities. Typical area studies programs involve history, political science, sociology, cultural studies, languages, geography, literature, and related disciplines. In contrast to cultural studies, area studies often include diaspora and emigration from the area.
Question Pattern: There will be two question papers - UGC NET Examination in International and Area Studies, Paper II and Paper III. Paper II will have 100 marks in total whereas Paper III will have 150 marks in total. Paper II will cover fifty (50) objective type questions, whereas the Paper III will have seventy five (75) objective type questions, each question carrying two (2) marks. All questions are compulsory in both the papers. The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true / false and assertion-reasoning type.
Unit – I
Nature of International Politics.
Theories and approaches to the study of International Politics ( including the area studies approach ).
Nationalism, Nation-State and challenges to Nation – States.
Unit – II
Contemporary World Order : End of Cold War, United States as a pre-eminent power and multipolarity ( European Union, China and Japan ).
Globalisation and its implications.
Environment and Ecological Problems.
Unit – III
International Economic Issues: Trade regime ( WTO ) and economic groupings, Role of International Financial Institutions.
Role of Multi – national Corporations.
Unit – IV
Trans-national Threats and Security: International Terrorism, Drug – trafficking, Proliferation of small arms.
Weapons of mass – destruction – nuclear, biological, chemical and weather weapons and arms control and disarmament.
Unit – V
Indian Foreign Policy:
Basic Objectives and Principles.
India and its neighbours.
India and major powers.
Major issues of Indian Foreign Policy.
Unit – VI
Collective security, peace – keeping and peace-making.
Role of International Law.
UN agencies and other International Organizations.
Restructuring of the United Nations.
Unit – VII
South Asia in World Affairs South – East Asia in World Affairs.
Unit – VIII
Russia and the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) in World Affairs.
Unit – IX
West Asia in World Affairs Africa in World Affairs.
Unit – X
America and Europe in World Affairs Latin America in World Affairs.
(Elective / Optional)
Elective – I
Theories of International Politics: Realist, Idealist, Systems and Decision making.
Role of Power in International Politics: Balance of Power, Bipolarity, Unipolarity and Multipolarity.
The concept of Nation, National Interest and National Security Collective Security; The role of the United Nations.
Post – Cold War and the emerging World Order.
Politics of Liberalisation, Globalisation and World Trade Organization. Nuclear Weapons, Deterrence and World Peace.
Elective – II
Concept, components and models of National and International security.
Challenges and threats to India’s security since Independence – external and internal dimensions.
Defence mechanism of Nation-States: India, US and the Peoples Republic of China.
India’s Security policies and Nuclear doctrine.
Problems of Armament and Disarmament – Economic, Political and Scientific dimensions.
Concept and theories of conflict and conflict resolution including Confidence Building Measures (CBMs).
Evolution of strategic thoughts – Kautilya, Clausewitz, A. T. Mahan, Mackinder and Douhet.
New modes of warfare – Low Intensity conflict, Electronic and Cyber warfare.
Elective – III
Interaction with the West
Disintegration of Ottoman Empire
Inter – war Developments
Pan – Arabism
Pan – Islamism
Pan – Turanism
West Asia and the World:
Major powers’ interests in West Asiawww.netugc.com
West Asia and India
Intra – Arab relations / rivalries
Post – Cold War Scenario – Continuity and Change
Elective – IV
Basic Features of the Region:
Land and People – Geo – political and Socio – economic Setting.
Colonialism and Nationalism :
Patterns, Major Feature’s and Impact of Western Colonialism-Independence Movements-Maintenance of Independence by Thailand throughout its History.
Developments in Post-Independent Period:
Problems of Communalism and Nation-Building – Communist Challenges.
Role of Military – Challenges to Democracy – Secessionist Movements – Economic Transformation – mtra – Regional Conflicts and Cooperation.
Foreign Policies of South East Asian Countries :
Determinants, Objectives and Goals-Role of External Powers – USA, Russia, China, Japan and India.
Elective – V
Geo – cultural Aspects:
Land, People, Ecology, Environment, Languages and Culture.
Ancient African Empires
Indigenous political systems
Atlantic slave trade – its impact and implications.
Industrial Revolution and the elimination of slave trade.
Colonialism in Africa:
European partition of Africa
Asian (Indian) migration into Africa
Patterns of Colonial rule in Africa
Legacy of Colonialism
Growth of nationalism and Liberation Movements in Africa.
Political independence and Constitutional changes in Africa.
Growth of political parties and party – systems.
The role of military
Democratisation process in Africa.
Rise and fall of Apartheid in South Africa.
Concepts of Pan – Africanism and African socialism.
Nature of African Economy.
Underdevelopment and Dependency patterns in Africa.
Neo – colonial penetration and problems of economic independence.
Development strategies in post – independence period.
Structural adjustment programs in Africa – an evaluation.
Problem of poverty in Africa.
Africa’s debt crisis.
Globalisation and its impact on Africa.
Regional economic cooperation and development (ECOWAS, SADC, COMESA, EAC and AEC).
Problems of nation – building in Africa.
Role of education
State of Human Rights in Africa.
Role of civil society and women.
Problem of AIDS in Africa.
Ethnic conflicts in Africa.
Social change and structural transformation.
Africa and the World:
Africa and the emerging International System
Africa and European dominance
Africa and the Cold War
Post – Cold War scenario in Africa
Africa and the New World Order
Africa and the United Nations
Role of the Organization of African Unity ( OAU )
Africa and the Non – aligned Movement ( NAM )
The Role and Relevance of the African Union ( AU ) 2001
Africa and the Arab World
India – Africa Relations
Elective – VI
Soviet Period From Lenin to Stalin:
Civil War in Russia and its impact on polity and economy War, Communism and New Economic policy.
Nationality Policy after the Revolution and the formation of the USSR.
Industrialization debate and Economic Development under the Five-Year Plans.
Soviet Foreign Policy
Constitutional Theories and Soviet Federalism.
Soviet Union Under Khrushchev and Brezhnev:
Twentieth Congress of the CPSU and Destalinization.
New Approaches to Third World and the Non-aligned Movement.
Brezhnev and Kosygin leadership in World Affairs.
Constitution of 1977
Mikhail Gorbachev Period:
Gorbachev’s New Political Thinking-Political and economic reforms.
Foreign Policy under Gorbachev and end of the Cold War.
Break-up of the USSR.
Post-Soviet Russia and CIS:
Russia under Boris Yeltsin – Political and economic dimensions.
Systemic transformation of Russia and the CIS.
New Orientation in Russia’s Foreign Policy.
Russia and the CIS
Developments in Central Asia and the Transcaucasia.
Elective – VII
Land and People:
Geo – political setting
Multi – culture social structures – diversities of race, language and religion Resource endowment – natural and human resources.
Colonialism and Nationalism:
Patterns of Colonialism
Major features of Colonialism
Nature of colonial impact on South Asian societies.
Nationalism and Nationalist movements.
Communal and Separatist Movements – genesis of Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Society and Culture of South Asia:
Population – General attributes and migration patterns.
Major Social institutions and Groups.
Dynamics of Social change.
Political Systems of South Asian States:
Organization of Government Order and Underlying principles.
Post-independence Era – constitutional developments and movements for democracy – Elections, Political parties and Pressure groups.
Problems of nation-building and Issues of national integration-Communal – ism, Regionalism, Linguism, Ethnic cleavages, Ideology and Strategies of leadership.
Economic Profile and Development Strategies:
Traditional economics – nature and bases.
Pattern of economic development and growth strategies.
Trade, aid and investment.www.netugc.com
Problems of economic development.
Foreign Policies of South Asian States:
Determinants and objectives.
Role of external powers.
Intra – regional cooperation and conflict – India’s relations with its neighbours.
Regional Cooperation in South Asia:
Historical antecedents – Political and economic imperatives.
Genesis and growth of South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ).
Challenges and prospects of regional cooperation in South Asia.
Elective – VIII
Making of the Constitution – Development of the Republic and making of the nation.
Constitutional Amendments-Structural changes, political and social movements.
Presidency, congress and judiciary in recent times.
US Role in UN and other international organizations.
United States Economic and Global role in post-Cold War Era.
Problems of minorities; Afro – American, Hispanic and Asian Americans Diasporic experience.
Contemporary American Society and polity.
Development of Constitutional process in Latin America – Translation from authoritarianism of democracy.
US-Latin American relations and its implications in inter-American affairs. Cultural, economic and trade relations between Europe and Latin America. Problems of Human Rights in Latin America.
The role of multilateral agencies in containing international and narcot terrorism; Legal mechanism to preserve peace and security in the region.
Role of Latin America and the Caribbean in global and regional organizations
Trade and Economic grouping in Latin America.
India and Latin America – growing partnership.