UGC NET Syllabus for Political Science, Code No: 02
Political Science: Political science is a social science discipline concerned with the study of the state, nation, government, and politics and policies of government. Aristotle defined it as the study of the state. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics, and the analysis of political systems, political behavior, and political culture. Political scientists "see themselves engaged in revealing the relationships underlying political events and conditions, and from these revelations they attempt to construct general principles about the way the world of politics works." Political science intersects with other fields; including economics, law, sociology, history, anthropology, public administration, public policy, national politics, international relations, comparative politics, psychology, political organization, and political theory. Although it was codified in the 19th century, when all the social sciences were established, political science has ancient roots; indeed, it originated almost 2,500 years ago with the works of Plato and Aristotle.
Question Pattern: There will be two question papers - UGC NET Examination in Political Science, Paper II and Paper III. Paper II will have 100 marks in total whereas Paper III will have 150 marks in total. Paper II will cover fifty (50) objective type questions, whereas the Paper III will have seventy five (75) objective type questions, each question carrying two (2) marks. All questions are compulsory in both the papers. The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true / false and assertion-reasoning type.
1. Political Theory and Thought
Ancient Indian Political Thought: Kautilya and Shanti Parva.
Greek Political Though : Plato and Aristotle.
European Thought – I: Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau.
European Thought – II: Bentham, J. S. Mill, Hegel, Marx and Green.
Contemporary Political Thought – I: Lenin, Mao, Gramsci.
Contemporary Political Thought – II: Rawls, Nozic and Communitarians.
Modern Indian Thought: Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh, Joy Prakash Ambedkar, Savarkar.
Concepts and Issue – I: Medieval Political Thought: Church State Relationship and Theory of Two Swords.
Concepts and Issue – II: Behaviouralism and Post-Behaviouralism, Decline and Resurgence of Political Theory. Democracy, Liberty and Equality.
2. Comparative Politics and Political Analysis
Evolution of Comparative Politics as a discipline; nature and scope.
Approaches to the study of comparative politics: Traditional, Structural – Functional, Systems and Marxist.
Constitutionalism: Concepts, Problems and Limitations.
Forms of Government: Unitary – Federal, Parliamentary – Presidential.
Organs of Government: Executive, Legislature, Judiciary – their interrelationship in comparative perspective.
Party Systems and Pressure Groups; Electoral Systems.
Bureaucracy – types and roles.
Political Development and Political Modernization.
Political Culture, Political Socialization and Political Communication.
Political Elite; Elitist theory of Democracy.
Power, Authority and Legitimacy.
Revolution: Theories and Types.
Dependency: Development and Under Development.
3. Indian Government and Politics
National Movement, Constitutional Developments and the Making of Indian Constitution.
Ideological Bases of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties and Directive Principles.
Constitution as Instrument of Socio – Economic Change, Constitutional Amendments and Review.
Structure and Process – I: President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Working of the Parliamentary System.
Structure and Process – II: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Legislature.
Panchayati Raj Institutions : Rural and Urban, their working.
Federalism: Theory and Practice in India; Demands of Autonomy and Separatist Movements; Emerging trends in Centre – State Relations.
Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism including Public Interest Litigation cases, Judicial Reforms.
Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion, Media; Subaltern and Peasant Movements.
Elections, Electoral Behaviour, Election Commission and Electoral Reforms.
4. UGC NET Public Administration
Development of Public Administration as a discipline; Approaches to the study of Public Administration: Decision – making, Ecological and Systems; Development Administration.
Theories of Organizationwww.netugc.com
Principles of Organization: Line and staff, unity of command, hierarchy, span of control, centralization and decentralization, Types of organization – formal and informal; Forms of organization; department, public corporation and board.
Chief Executive: Types, functions and roles.
Personnel Administration: Recruitment, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale; Employee – Employer Relations.
Bureaucracy: Theories, Types and Roles; Max Weber and his critics. Civil servant – Minister relationship.
Leadership, its role in decision – making; Communication.
Financial Administration: Budget, Audit, Control over Finance with special reference to India and UK.
Good Governance; Problems of Administrative Corruption; Transparency and Accountability; Right to Information.
Grievance Redressal Institutions: Ombudsman, Lokpal and Lokayukta.
5. International Relations
Contending Theories and Approaches to the study of International Relations; Idealist, Realist, Systems, Game, Communication and Decision – making.
Power, Interest and Ideology in International Relations; Elements of Power : Acquisition, use and limitations of power, Perception, Formulation and Promotion of National Interest, Meaning, Role and Relevance of Ideology in International Relations.
Arms and Wars: Nature, causes and types of wars / conflicts including ethnic disputes; conventional, Nuclear / bio – chemical wars; deterrence, Arms Race, Arms Control and Disarmament.
Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Conflict Resolution, Diplomacy, World – order and Peace studies.
Cold War, Alliances, Non – Alignment, End of Cold war, Globalisation.
Rights and Duties of states in international law, intervention, Treaty law, prevention and abolition of war.
Political Economy of International Relations; New International Economic Order, North – South Dialogue, South – South Cooperation, WTO, Neo – colonialism and Dependency.
Regional and sub – regional organisations especially SAARC, ASEAN, OPEC, OAS.
United Nations : Aims, Objectives, Structure and Evaluation of the working of UN; Peace and Development perspectives; Charter Revision; Power – struggle and Diplomacy within UN, Financing and Peace – keeping operations.
India’s Role in International affairs: India’s relations with its neighbours, Wars, Security Concerns and Pacts, Mediatory Role, distinguishing features of Indian Foreign Policy and Diplomacy.
[Core and Elective / Optional]
Unit - I
* Political Theory
* Nature of Political Theory, its main concerns; decline and resurgence since 1970s.
* Liberalism and Marxism
* Individual and Social Justice
* Role of Ideology
* Theories of change: Lenin, Mao, Gandhi.
Unit - II
* Political Thought.
* Plato and Aristotle.
* Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and J. S. Mill.
* Karl Marx
* Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh.
Unit - III
* Comparative Politics and Political Analysis.
* Approaches to the study of comparative Politics Constitutionalism in theory and practice.
* Executive, Legislature and Judiciary with special reference to India, USA, UK and Switzerland.
* Party system and role of opposition.www.netugc.com
* Electoral Process Separation of Powers, Rule of Law and Judicial Review.
Unit - IV
* Political Development.
* Political Modernization.
* Political Socialisation and Political Culture.
* Power and Authority.
* Political Elite.
Unit - V
* Making of the Indian Constitution.
* Fundamental Rights and Duties, and Directive Principles.
* Union Executive, Parliament.
* Supreme Court, Judicial Activism.
* Indian Federalism: Theory, Practice and Problems.
Unit - VI
* Dynamics of State Politics.
* Local Governments: Rural and Urban.
* Political Parties, Pressure Groups, and Public Opinion.
* Elections, Electoral Reforms.
* Class, Caste, Gender, Dalit and Regional Issues, Problems of Nation – Building and Integration.
Unit - VII
* Growth of Public Administration as a discipline; and New Public Administration.
* Theories of Organisation (Classical, Scientific, Human Relations).
* Principles of Organisation.
* Chief Executive.
* Control over Administration Judicial and Legislative Bureaucracy.
Unit - VIII
* Development Planning and Administration in India.
* Bureaucracy and Challenges of Development.
* Administrative Culture; Administrative Corruption, and Administrative Reforms.
* Panchayati Raj.
* Impact of Liberalization on Public Administration.
Unit - IX
* Theories of International Relations.
* Ideology, Power and Interest.
* Conflicts and Conflict – Resolution.
* Changing concept of National Security and Challenges to the Nation – State System Arms and Arms – Control.
Unit - X
* End of Cold War, Globalisation and Political Economy of International Relations in the Contemporary World.
* Determinants and Compulsions of India’s Foreign Policy; India’s Nuclear Policy.
* India’s Relations with Neighbours and USA.
* India’s Role in the UN.
* India and Regional Organizations (SAARC, ASEAN), Indian Ocean.