UGC NET Syllabus for Defence and Strategic Studies, Code No: 11
Defence and Strategic Studies: A strategic study is an interdisciplinary academic field centered on the study of conflict and peace, whether as an independent or a dependent variable. It has often devoted special attention to the relationship between international politics, geostrategy, international diplomacy, international economics, and military power (Strategy), such as the role of intelligence, diplomacy, and international cooperation for security and defense. The subject is normally taught at the post-graduate academic or professional, usually Strategic-Political and Strategic-Military levels. The academic foundations of the subject began with classic texts initially from the Orient such as Sun Tzu’s Art of War, went onto a European focus with Von Clausewitz’s On War. In recent times, the major conflicts of the nineteenth century and the two World Wars have spurred strategic thinkers such as Mahan, Giulio Douhet, Liddell Hart and, later, Andre Beaufre.
Question Pattern: There will be two question papers - UGC NET Examination in Defence and Strategic Studies, Paper II and Paper III. Paper II will have 100 marks in total whereas Paper III will have 150 marks in total. Paper II will cover fifty (50) objective type questions, whereas the Paper III will have seventy five (75) objective type questions, each question carrying two (2) marks. All questions are compulsory in both the papers. The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true / false and assertion-reasoning type.
Unit – A
Theories and Concepts
Defence and Strategic Studies: Assumptions and Approaches.
The Concepts of Nation:
State and Nation – State
Theories and Elements of State
National Power and its Components
Key Concepts of Security: National Security, Regional Security, Comprehensive Security, Common Security, Equal Security
National Security Objectives: Core Values, National Interests.
Challenges to Security: Individual, Sub – National; National, Regional and International Levels.
Non – Alignment, Balance of Power, Collective Security and Balance of Terror – Concept, Development and Relevance.
Concepts of Geopolitics and Geo – Strategy: Theories of Halford Mackinder and Carl Haushofer.
Defence and Security Policies: Concept, Formulation, Objectives and Linkages.
National Security Organizations in India:
Higher Defence Structure in India
National Security Council
Para – Military and Civil Defence
Civil – Military Relations
Deterrence and Detente : Concept, Theories of nuclear deterrence and their current relevance.
Contribution to Strategic thought by Kautilya, Mao, Jomini, Clausewitz, Douhet and Alfred Mahan.
Unit – B
Problems of Peace & Security
Theories and causes of War.
Principles of War.
Contemporary Warfare: Conventional Warfare in Nuclear age, Limited War, Revolutionary Warfare, Low Intensity Operations, Guerilla Warfare, Insurgency and Counter – Insurgency.
Armaments : Arms Race, Arms Aid, Arms Trade, Anns Proliferation.
Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue.
Problem of System of Governance and Human Rights.
Terrorism : Concept and kinds (National, International and Cross border).
Conflicting Ideologies : Militarism, Nationalism, Fundamentalism, Separatism, Irredentism.www.netugc.com
Nuclear Proliferation & NPT, CTBT, MTCR, NMD.
Industrial Military Complex.
Unit – C
Global Security Issues
End of cold war and emergence of new world order.
Military, Nuclear and missile capabilities of China, Pakistan and India.
Re – Structuring of UNO.
Environmental Issues: Global Warming, Desertification, Acid Rains, Industrial Pollution, Deforestation.
Military Geography & Defence Problems : Nature of boundaries, Terrain
Sino – Indian and Indo – Pak border disputes and India’s Continental Strategy with her neighbours.
Sri Lankan Ethnic Conflict.
Domestic unrest in Afghanistan.
West – Asian Crisis.
Developments in Central Asian Republics.
Ethnic issues in Yugoslavia.
Crisis in Chechenia.
Organized Crimes : Money Laundering, Narco – trafficking.
Militarisation of Indian Ocean and India’s national, maritime and security interests in the Indian Ocean region. India’s Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century.
Issues of Logistics : Resources, Supply chain, Transportation and Communication.
Problems of Refugees :
Causes of Migration.
Population in border areas and border security.
Unit – D
Issues in Conflict Resolution
Origin, Type and Structure of Conflict at inter – state level.
Images, belief systems and International conflicts.
Techniques of Conflict Prevention
Conflict Management: Pacific Solution of International Disputes, Coercive methods and war as an instrument.
International Humanitarian Laws and Laws of Armed Conflicts.
Confidence Building Measures : Concept, kinds and utility.
IGOs & NGOs in Conflict Resolution : Peace Making, Peace Keeping and Peace Building.
Techniques of Preservation of Peace : Collective Security System, Pacific Settlement, Enforcement Action. Regional Security Arrangements. Disarmament.
Unit – E
Economic, Science & Technology Issues and National Security
Broad Survey of Technological Changes from Industrial Revolution to Inform Action Revolution.
Economic Theories of Defence.
Basics of Defence Planning, Determinants of Defence Expenditure and Defence Budgeting.www.netugc.com
National Security and International Trade regimes (WTO, TRIPS, TRIMS, NAFTA, SAPTA).
India’s Nuclear and Space Power Programs, India’s Energy Scenario.
Research and Development:
Relevance of Science and Technology in National Security.
Impact of Information Technology; Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA).
Choice of Weapon Systems.
Impact of Economic Liberalization and Alobalization :
Defence Production in India ( Role of DPSU’s and Ordnance factories ).
Defence and Development and Peace and Development Dichotomies.
Issues of Mobilization of Resources during War and Peace.
Transfer of Technology: Dual use and critical technologies and their impact on national security.