Learning Management System (LMS): A Learning Management System (LMS) or Courseware Management System is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, and reporting of training programmes, classroom and online events, e-learning programmes, and training content.
LMSs range from systems for managing training and educational records to software for distributing courses over the Internet with features for online collaboration. Student self-service (e.g., self-registration on instructor-led training), training workflow (e.g., user notification, manager approval, wait-list management), the provision of on-line learning (e.g., computer-based training, read & understand), on-line assessment, management of continuous professional education (CPE), collaborative learning (e.g., application sharing, discussion threads), and training resource management (e.g., instructors, facilities, equipment), are dimensions to Learning Management Systems.
The following are some of the popular LMS softwares
a) ATutor: ATutor is an Open Source Web-based Learning Management System (LMS). It is used in various contexts, including online course management, continuing professional development for teachers, career development, and academic research. The software is cited as unique for its accessibility features, (useful to visually-impaired and disabled learners); and for its suitability for educational use. Website: http://www.atutor.ca/
b) Brihaspati (The Virtual Classroom): Brihaspati is an open source learning management system and of Indian origin. Website: http://home.iitk.ac.in/~ynsingh/tool/brihaspati.shtml
c) Claroline: Claroline is a collaborative eLearning and eWorking platform (Learning Management System) released under the GPL Open Source license. It allows hundreds of organizations worldwide ranging from universities to schools and from companies to associations to create and administer courses and collaboration spaces over the web. Website: http://www.claroline.net/
d) Moodle: Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle) is a free and open-source e-learning software platform, also known as a Course Management System, Learning Management System, or Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It is developed by Martin Dougiamas to help the educators create online courses with a focus on interaction and collaborative construction of content. Website: http://moodle.org/