UGC NET Syllabus for Forensic Science

UGC NET Syllabus for Forensic Science, Code No:

Forensic Science: Forensic science is the scientific method of gathering and examining information about the past. This is especially important in law enforcement where forensics is done in relation to criminal or civil law, but forensics are also carried out in other fields, such as astronomy, archaeology, biology and geology to investigate ancient times. In the United States of America there are over 12,000 forensic science technicians, as of 2010. The word forensic comes from the Latin forēnsis, meaning "of or before the forum." In Roman times, a criminal charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum. Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story. The individual with the best argument and delivery would determine the outcome of the case. This origin is the source of the two modern usages of the word forensic – as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation. In modern use, the term forensics in the place of forensic science can be considered correct, as the term forensic is effectively a synonym for legal or related to courts. However, the term is now so closely associated with the scientific field that many dictionaries include the meaning that equates the word forensics with forensic science.

Question Pattern: There will be two question papers - UGC NET Examination in Forensic Science, Paper II and Paper III. Paper II will have 100 marks in total whereas Paper III will have 150 marks in total. Paper II will cover fifty (50) objective type questions, whereas the Paper III will have seventy five (75) objective type questions, each question carrying two (2) marks. All questions are compulsory in both the papers. The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true / false and assertion-reasoning type.

Paper II & Paper III (Part A & Part B) Syllabus

Unit – I

Forensic Science: Definitions, History and Development

Crime Scene Management and Investigation; Collection, Preservation, Packing and Forwarding of Physical and Trace evidences for analysis

Legal and Court Procedure pertaining to Expert Testimony

Unit – II

Microscopy: Polarising, Comparison, Stereoscopic, Fluorescent and Electron Microscopes

Spectrophotometry: U. V.,Visible, IR atomic absorption

Neutron Activation Analysis

X – rays


Chromatographic Techniques: TLC, GLC, GCMS, HPLC

Electrophoresis: High and Low voltage electrophoresis, Gel electrophoresis and Immunoelectrophoresis

Unit – III

Fresh blood – Grouping and typing of fresh blood samples including enzyme types

Analysis of stains of blood and allied body fluids for their groups and enzyme tests

Cases of disputed paternity and maternity problems

DNA profiling

Unit – IV

Analysis of illicit liquor including methyl and ethyl alcohol and alcohol in body fluids and breathe

Analysis of petroleum products

Chemical examination and Physiology / Pharmacology of:

Insecticides and Pesticides

Psychotropic Drugs : Sedatives, stimulants, opiates and drugs of abuse

Extraction, Isolation and Identification of Poisons from viscera, tissues and body fluids

Unit – V

Classification of fire arms, ammunition and their compositions

Comparison and Identification of Cartridges, Bullets and Fire arms

Country made fire arms, Velocity, Penetration, Dispersion, Recochet, Accidental Discharge, Determination of Range

Bombs and Explosives : Composition, Ignition, Combustion and Detonation Examination of country made bombs, Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs).

Unit – VI

Identification of hair, determination of species origin, sex, site and individual identification from hair

Classification and Identification of fibres

Examination and identification of Saliva, Urine, Faecal matter and Milk

Examination and Identification of Semen stains including the species origin and individual characteristics

Unit –

Physical analysis of the following: Soil, Glass, Paints, Laquers, Cement, Inks, Paper, Tool marks, Tyre Marks, Shoe Prints, Forensic examination of vehicles in cases of accident

Unit – VIII

Identification of individuals from bodily features Examination and identification of deceased from Skeletal remains Identification and individualization from foot prints Identification and individualization from teeth

Unit – IX

Preliminary examination of documents

Identification of hand – writing, signatures and detection of forgeries

Anonymous and disguised writings

Reproduction of documents through photographic and mechanical means and their examination

Physical and chemical erasures, obliterations, additions, alterations, indentations, secret writings and charred documents

Inks, papers and their scientific examinations including instrumental analysis

Age of documents

Examination of typescripts, printed matter including currency notes and lottery tickets and mechanical impressions

History, classification, search, lifting and examination of fingerprints

Development of latent fingerprints by various methods

Single digit classification and examination of chance prints

Crime records and computerization of fingerprints

Unit – X

Medicolegal aspects of wounds

Post – mortem Examination and PM changes

Asphyxial Death

Sexual offences


Forensic psychiatry and lye detection.