Librarians in Different Types of Libraries

Librarians in Different Types of Libraries: The librarians of different types of libraries have to perform work according to the library concerned. Following are the different types of libraries where librarians have different types of work to perform

a) School: The school librarianship covers the library services for children in schools. In some regions, the local government may set the standards for the education and certification of the school librarians (who are often considered a special kind of teacher). School librarianship may also include issues of intellectual freedom, pedagogy, and how to build a coordinated curriculum with the teaching staff.

b) College and University: The college / university librarianship covers the library services for colleges / universities. Issues of special importance to the field may include copyright, technology, digital libraries, and digital repositories, academic freedom, open access to scholarly works and specialized knowledge of subject areas which are considered important to the institution. The librarian of a college / university library caters to a large number of user base and therefore, involves higher responsibilities than his counterpart in a school library.

c) Public: The librarianship for public libraries covers issues such as cataloguing, collection development for a diverse community, information literacy, community standards, etc. It is a librarianship with focus on public service and serving a diverse community of adults, children, and teens, and therefore, deals with intellectual freedom, censorship and legal and budgeting issues.

d) Special: Special librarians include those who are involved with any other form of librarianship that serves in medical libraries (and hospitals or medical schools), corporations, news agency libraries, or other special collections. The issues in these libraries will be specific to the institutions / industries they inhabit. But the librarians in these libraries also include for their work such specialized functions as corporate financing, specialized collection development, and extensive self-promotion to potential patrons.

e) Archives: This covers the study required to maintain and build the archives of records intended for historical preservation. Special issues include physical preservation of materials and mass de-acidification, specialist catalogues; solo work, access, and appraisal. Many archivists are also trained historians specializing in the period covered by the archive.