There are many factors according to which administration can be distinguished from management. These are as follows:
Administration: It is concerned with formulation of broad objectives, plans & policies.
Management: Management is an art of getting things done through others by directing their efforts towards achievement of pre-determined goals. It puts into action the policies and plans laid down by the administration.
Administration: Administration is a decision-making function.
Management: Management is an executing function.
Administration: It takes major decisions of an enterprise as a whole.
Management: It takes decisions within the framework set by the administration.
Administration: Administration decides what is to be done & when it is to be done.
Management: Management decides who should as it & how should he dot it.
Administration: Planning and organizing functions are involved in it.
Management: Motivating and controlling functions are involved in it.
Administration: It needs administrative rather than technical abilities. Administration handles the business aspects such as finance.
Management: It requires technical activities. Management handles the employers.
Administration: It is a top-level activity.
Management: It is a middle level activity.
Administration: The administration is influenced by public opinion, govt. policies, religious organizations, customs etc.
Management: The management decisions are influenced by the values, opinions, beliefs & decisions of the managers.
Administration: Administration represents owners of the enterprise who earn return on their capital invested & profits in the form of dividend.
Management: Management constitutes the employees of the organization who are paid remuneration (in the form of salaries & wages).