Management: Right from the dawn of human civilization man has been acquiring and sharpening the principle of management for better understanding of nature, better exploitation of resources, better human relations, better organization and governance. As such management is quite dynamic and flexible and responsible to changes in the social concept and economic condition. Management structure is pyramid, i.e broadest at the base and tapering towards the top.
The term management as used in business has a fairly precise meaning and includes the four basic functions of planning, organizing, motivation (personnel) and controlling. In simple, management means getting things done in a proper manner without conflict or with least conflict. The purpose of management function is to yield the optimum good result by using the resources at hand. The available resources may not be sufficient but the management attempts to get the best result in a given situation.
According to ALA Glossary of library and information science “management may be defined as the process of coordinating the total resources of an organization towards the accomplishment of the desired goals of that organization through the execution of a group of interrelated function such as planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.
John Franklin Mee has analyzed a number of definitions and arrived at a definition which defines management as being composed of three elements-
i) Objectives for group effort must exist;
ii) A process based on logic must be followed in attaining objectives and
iii) People must be utilized in the process to attain objectives.
Management is “the function….concerned in the execution of policy within the limits set up by administration and the employment of the organization for the particular objects before it.” Perhaps the simplest and most useful definition of management is “achievement of objectives through other people”.
Management has been practiced in some form ever since the dawn of human civilization. However, systematic study of management as a separate branch of knowledge is a product of 20th century. It was confined to the study of organization, functions, powers and activities etc. of the public authorities. Later, attempt was made to determine rules for effective and efficient administrative organization on the basis of empirical evidence.
Managers are needed to convert disorganized resources of people equipment and finance into a useful enterprise. The modern library managers are needed to exercise a positive influence to make things happen, to be a dynamic, innovative force, to initiate change and follow through action. To design job structure which will satisfy the social need of staff member by providing opportunities for self expression, inner security and human satisfaction.